Oct 15, 1917 Mata Hari executed
|Mata Hari on a 1906 postcard|
She found fame as an exotic Asian-inspired dancer born in a sacred Indian temple and taught by a priestess who gave her the name Mata Hari (eye of the day in Malay). In reality, she was Margaretha Geertruida Zelle- born in a small town in northern Holland. She packed dance halls and opera houses from Russia to France mostly because her show consisted of her slowly stripping nude. She became a famous courtesan during World War I with lovers including high-ranking military officers of various nationalities. There is evidence that Mata Hari acted as a German spy and a double agent for the French. Her military trial was riddled with bias and circumstantial evidence, and it is probable that French authorities trumped her up as "the greatest woman spy of the century" as a distraction for the huge losses the French army was suffering on the western front.
Oct 16, 1934 The Long March
|Jiajin Mountain, the first snow-covered mountain crossed |
by the Red Army during the Long March. [China.org.cn]
Oct 17, 1931 Capone goes to prison
|Al Capone's mug shot, 1931. (CHS DN-91508)|
Oct 18, 1867 U.S. takes possession of Alaska
|Check used to pay for Alaska|
Oct 19, 1781 Victory at Yorktown
|Lord Cornwallis surrenders to George Washington at Yorktown, |
Virginia, October 17, 1781. Painting by John Trumbull.